You have patiently waited for three years as a permanent resident, dreaming about finally applying for Canadian citizenship and proudly calling yourself a Canadian! We’ve been there.

In addition to an application for citizenship, you must also take a citizenship test which tests your knowledge of the rights and responsibilities of Canadians. Let’s get you ready and look into what this test is all about, shall we?


So, if you are between the ages of 18 and 54, you have to take the citizenship test. Other ages are exempt. You will be tested in your knowledge of Canadian history, geography, economy, government, laws and symbols.

Chronologically speaking, you first file an application for citizenship and then wait until you get an acknowledgement of receipt (AOR) letter. After you get the letter, you should receive an invitation to the citizenship test within weeks.

In this invitation, you will be notified of the date, time and location of the test approximately 4 weeks before the test. No one can accompany you to the room, even a dependent child. So, make arrangement for your child, if you have one, before the test.

The Test

There are a few things you should bring to the test. They include a notice inviting you to the test, your PR card, two pieces of ID, original documents that support your application, all passports and travel documents.

The test can be conducted in the English or French language. It is a 30-minute long test containing 20 multiple-choice and true or false questions. To pass, you need to get 15 questions right.

The test is usually made in writing. However, for people with trouble reading and writing in English or French, an oral test is an available option.

The Results

You will learn the results of your test immediately after you have taken it. If you pass the test and meet all citizenship requirements, you may be notified of the date of your citizenship ceremony at once. Alternatively, an email or a hard mail letter can be sent to you specifying the date and time of the ceremony.

The ceremony takes place within three months after the test and is comprised of two important activities: you take the Oath of Citizenship and you get your citizenship certificate.

Didn’t Get It Right the First Time?

You might be asking yourself a question about what happens to you if you fail the test. In that case, you will be scheduled for a second one. The second test will take place 4 to 8 weeks after the first one and maybe longer.

If you don’t pass the test for the second time, you will receive a notice to attend a hearing with a citizenship official. At the hearing, which lasts 30 to 90 minutes, you will be examined in your knowledge of Canada and the language.

If you are taking the test with your family and have to write the test again, it might mean that your family members must be invited for the citizenship ceremony before you (if they passed the first time).

If you do not want them to go before you and would like to be together as a family when you take the Oath of Citizenship, it is possible to ask the government to put your family’s applications on hold until you pass the test.

Prepare for the Test

To prepare for the test, check out the government’s official study guide called Discover Canada: The Rights and Responsibilities of Citizenship.

We can’t help you prepare for the test. It is your right and obligation as future citizenship of Canada. But we do help with citizenship applications. If you don’t feel certain about the application package and want to be sure you are 100% right in this fundamental step, we are here for you.