LMIA (Labour Market Impact Assessment)


LMIA, Labour Market Impact Assessment

LMIA, Labour Market Impact Assessment

What Is LMIA In Canada?

LMIA stands for “Labour Market Impact Assessment.” Formerly known as “Labour Market Opinion” (or LMO), LMIA is a document that a Canadian employer may need to obtain before hiring a foreign worker.

Anyone who has ever given any thought at any time in their life to an idea of immigrating to Canada has heard about LMIA program. No surprise you might have been wondering what that is. Today, we will tell you all you need to know about LMIA, why you need it and how you can get one.

LMIA Canada

An employer, wishing to hire a foreign worker, submits an application to Employment and Social Development Canada (ESDC). ESDC then reviews the application and issues an assessment or a report that is called LMIA. This report outlines the impact that hiring a foreign worker will have on Canada’s labour market.

Any employer, who wishes to hire a foreign employee, must obtain an LMIA from ESDC. If the assessment by ESDC is positive, the Labour Market Impact Assessment will outline the conditions of the job being offered, the name of the employee in question, and an expiry date.

Once the Canadian employer receives LMIA, it is then forwarded to an overseas employee. Only once Labour Market Impact Assessment is obtained, can overseas employee initiate a visa and work permit application. If the person is already employed in Canada, it allows them to file a work permit in Canada renewal application.

LMIA Canada

What Are The Different Types Of LMIA?

  • Support Work Permit applications

    a Labour Market Impact Assessment to support an application for work permit under the Temporary Foreign Worker Program. Once you receive thisLabour Market Impact Assessment, you may apply for the work permit;

  • LMIA For PR, Support Permanent Residence Applications

    this LMIA is used to support an Application for Permanent Residence in Canada. If permanent residence is sought based on Express Entry, the foreign worker is awarded 50-600 CRS points (based on NOC code).

    Candidates can apply to Express Entry Draw. This can boost the cut-off score high enough for the applicant to receive an Invitation to Apply (ITA) for permanent residence in Canada;

  • Support both Permanent Residence & Work Permit applications

    in addition to supporting permanent residence application, this type of LMIA is also used to support a work permit application.

LMIA Requirements For Employers

In their analysis of the offer of employment, ESDC considers the following elements:

  • Has the Canadian employer undertaken reasonable efforts to recruit or train a Canadian to fill the position?
  • Will hiring the foreign worker help to create or retain jobs for Canadians?
  • Will the foreign worker be able to transfer unique skills or expertise to Canadians?
  • Is there a labour shortage for that occupation in the area the position is located?
  • Is the salary offered to the foreign worker consistent with the average for the occupation in the area the position is located?
  • Are the working conditions in line with the labour laws and/or collective bargaining agreements?
  • Are the job offer and the company genuine?
  • Is there an ongoing dispute between the company and/or the industry?
  • Is the number of foreign workers in the company within the cap set by the government?

The only languages distinguished as job requirements for LMIA purposes are English and French unless the employer can prove differently.

Employers are further required to advertise all job vacancies in the Canadian labour market for at least four weeks. In addition to posting an ad in the Canadian Job Bank website, employers must prove that they have tried at least two other nation-wide recruitment efforts to find a Canadian employee.

Employers are explicitly prohibited from laying off or cutting the hours of Canadian workers to employ foreign workers. Generally speaking, it is easier to obtain a positive LMIA for high-demand occupations (as published from time to time by provincial governments). Canada is interested in bringing qualified and highly skilled employees in high demand occupations to benefit the Canadian economy with their knowledge, skills, and expertise.


Since June 2014, a processing fee of CAD 1,000 is required for each request for Labour Market Impact Assessment for work permit applications.

LMIA Processing Time

While processing time for LMIA applications may vary, ESDC has committed to 10 business days for certain Labour Market Impact Assessment applications. The 10 days processing time is available for applications pertaining to high-demand jobs (for example, skilled trades), jobs offering wages in the top 10% of wages earned by Canadians in that province or territory, and for jobs with a short duration work period (less than 120 days).

Canadian Immigration Experts Can Help With LMIA

At Jane Katkova & Associates, we are Canadian immigration experts. We have successfully assisted hundreds of companies in completing applications and obtaining positives LMIAs for their potential employees. Please contact us for assistance with LMIA.

Frequently Asked Questions

How can I renew my LMIA?

LMIA renewal is not possible. Labour Market Impact Assessment is a one-time process. Once done, you can’t renew it. You only can do a new LMIA.

Related Articles:

Changes To The Advertising Requirements Of LMIA

Owner/Operator LMIA-Based Work Permit



  1. lalzaib July 5, 2018 at 8:15 pm - Reply

    Hello I am skill person I want work permit visa please help me and contact us

    • Support July 6, 2018 at 3:02 am - Reply

      Thanks for your comment.
      Please contact us through the contact form and our immigration specialists will contact you.



  2. Kerry July 25, 2018 at 6:28 am - Reply

    Hello, I’m currently in the Express Entry pool. I don’t have a job offer but I’ve been in discussions with some organisations in Ontario relating to work opportunities to share my knowledge and experience with them. For example, I conduct research on the police in the U.K. and wish to share this knowledge with similar police oversight bodies in Ontario. How does the LMIA for PR work? Is that for people who are currently employed and then wish to apply for PR? Or am I able to ask these organisations to support my PR application with a LMIA without me actually being employed by them yet?
    Many thanks, Kerry

    • Support July 25, 2018 at 5:10 pm - Reply

      Hi Kerry, please fill out the contact form and one of our immigration specialists will contact you directly.


  3. J S Vasal July 26, 2018 at 1:26 pm - Reply

    I am interested for Canada PR through LMIA

    • Support July 26, 2018 at 8:30 pm - Reply

      Thanks for your comment. Please fill out the contact form and one of our immigration specialists will contact you directly.


  4. Manjur Kader Talukder October 6, 2018 at 12:28 am - Reply

    Hi, I’m a leather technician( heavy leather/saddle,tanning ), decades experience, presently on a visit visa in canada, looking for LMIA work permit in canadian tannery like Western Raw Hide & Harness in Manitoba or elsewhere in canada.Is it possible ?

    • Support October 9, 2018 at 2:49 pm - Reply

      Hi Manjur.
      Please contact us directly through a contact form, email or call us and we will assist you further with your request.

  5. ABUBAKARI SSEMBAWA October 25, 2018 at 8:17 pm - Reply


    • Support October 28, 2018 at 1:59 pm - Reply

      Thanks for your comment. Please see the article about Work Permit.
      If you need assistance getting the permit please contact us directly by calling, emailing, or filling out a form on the contact page.
      Best of luck.

  6. Lu January 16, 2019 at 11:15 pm - Reply

    I am glad that I read this article which makes me know more about LMIA..I am a EE candidate and just got a valid offer from a Canadian employer…I am not sure whether LMIA only support PR would process within shorter time than dual-intent LMIA. Someone has any idea?

    • Support January 23, 2019 at 4:18 am - Reply

      Hi Lu, thanks for your comment. Please contact us at [email protected] or fill out the form below and we would love to help further.

  7. Sachin February 15, 2019 at 10:05 am - Reply


    I would like to know if it is possible to enter in Canada on the bases of LMIA. The employer said that they have got the open LMIA where by they just have to fill my details on LMIA and on the bases of the same I can fly with my family to Canada.

    Please reply to this query and let me know if this is possible.




    • Support February 15, 2019 at 3:29 pm - Reply

      Thank you for your comment, Sachin.
      Please contact us directly and one of our immigration specialists will help you directly.

  8. RAQUEL CORCUERA March 8, 2019 at 9:31 pm - Reply

    Hi, my friend is a professional Second Cook,and a Seafarer from Manila, Philippines. He would like to apply in the Express Entry pool and would like to know if you could refer him to possible employers anywhere in Canada. He is married with an 8 yr old daughter, IELTS ready and ECA. How much will it cost him applying through your company?

    • Support March 20, 2019 at 4:02 pm - Reply

      Hello Raquel,
      Thank you for your comment.
      Please contact us directly by either filling out a form or calling us and one of our immigration specialists will help you.

  9. Milanjot Singh Kalra March 18, 2019 at 9:35 pm - Reply

    Just wanted to ask that i am working at a food restraunt. Is there any rule that the restraunt should be more than 2 years of working and should have specific amount of sale?

    • Support March 20, 2019 at 4:02 pm - Reply

      Hello Milanjot,
      Thank you for your comment.
      Please contact us directly by either filling out a form or calling us and one of our immigration specialists will help you.

  10. Paul Campbell April 5, 2019 at 3:43 am - Reply

    Dear Sir, ,

    I am currently looking for a company that is LMIA approved and looking to support foreign workers into Canada, I have started the process for my Permanent Resident Visa through the ‘Skilled Trade worker’ – Express Entry!

    I have 16 years experience in the construction industry from an Apprentice to Supervisor and Site management. As well as my experience and Electrical background I have also gained skilled in Nearly all other skilled trades including Carpentry, Plumbing, Roofing, Tiling, Drywalling and General Labouring.

    I have a strong skill set that match most positions in the construction and trades industry, I feel I would be asset to any company I work for and I am willing to relocate anywhere In the country.

    I’m finding it difficult searching for companies that will forward me a job offer for 6months down the line when my Visa is processed.

    Is there an easier way or relevant Websites I can use as there is not much choice on here..

    My CV is open to read and I look forward to your reply.

    Kind regards

    Paul Campbell

    • Support April 13, 2019 at 2:07 pm - Reply

      Thanks for your message.
      Please contact fill out a contact form, email, or call us and one of our immigration specialists would be able glad to help you.

      Canadian Immigration Experts.

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